I was a facilitator creating classroom and lab exercises to help students understand and use information for decades, so of course I have opinions to share. The pages linked below are compiled from items that I created or collected for class use. Listening skills are notoriously poor in the population in general, so I put some of the information in print hoping that at least some students and potential students would read it and think about it.
I removed specifics about examination in courses that no longer exist, but the following summarizes my approach. I required students to select from mental stores of information as they wrote responses during examinations rather than using short-term memory to recognize factoids on a page of multiple guess items. I did this to encourge growth toward a professional management of information, to improve ability to communicate, and to nurture a dynamic approach to information that could continue beyond a particular course.