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Jennifer L. S. Borton

Associate Professor of Psychology

Science Center 3032

Phone: (315) 859-4693

Fax: (315) 859-4807

E-mail: jborton@hamilton.edu

  

Education:

B.A., Psychology and Education

1992

Dartmouth College

Hanover, N.H.

Ph.D., Social Psychology

1997

University of Minnesota

Minneapolis, MN

 

Scholarly/Research Interests

Thought Suppression: I study the intra- and interpersonal effects of suppressing personally relevant negative thoughts. With respect to the former, I have found in both laboratory and field experiments that suppressing negative self-referent thoughts (relative to thinking about them) results in more depressed and anxious mood and lower state self-esteem. With respect to the interpersonal effects of suppression, I have found that women who suppress negative stereotypes about women's abilities display decreased confidence in an interaction with a male confederate, especially when they are high in stigma consciousness.

Fragile Self-Esteem: Most people think about self-esteem as having only a single dimension: high vs. low. Research has uncovered several other important dimensions of self-esteem, such as the extent to which it is stable or unstable over time, contingent or noncontingent on certain objective outcomes, and defensive (defined as high explicit coupled with low implicit self-esteem) versus secure (high explicit/high implicit). In my research, I have found that all three markers of fragile self-esteem (unstable, contingent, defensive) predict the likelihood with which people suppress negative thoughts following failure. In my current research, I am exploring the possibility that defensive self-esteem prompts escape from self-awareness following ego threat. In addition, I am examining whether individuals with defensive self-esteem have poorer, less detailed memories of failure experiences than do individuals with secure self-esteem.


Publications (Hamilton student co-authors in red type)

Borton, J. L. S., Crimmins, A. E., Ashby, R. S., & Ruddiman, J. F. (in press). How do individuals with fragile self-esteem cope with intrusive thoughts following ego threat? Self and Identity.

Borton, J. L. S., Reiner, D. R., Vazquez, E. V., Ruddiman, J. F., & Anglin, S. M. (in press). Does suppressing the thought of a self-relevant stigma affect interpersonal interaction? Journal of Social Psychology.

Borton, J. L. S., Oakes, M. A., Van Wyk, M. E., & Zink, T. A. (2007). Using PsyScope to conduct IAT experiments on Macintosh computers. Behavior Research Methods.

Borton, J. L. S., & Casey, E. C. (2006). Suppression of negative self-referent thoughts: A field study. Self and Identity, 5, 230 - 246.

Borton, J. L. S., Markowitz, L. J., & Dieterich, J. (2005). Effects of suppressing negative self-referent thoughts on mood and self-esteem. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 24, 172 - 190.

Borton, J. L. S. (2002). The suppression of negative self-referent thoughts. Anxiety, Stress, and Coping, 15, 31-44.

Markowitz, L. J., & Borton, J. L. S. (2002). Suppression of negative self-referent and neutral thoughts: A preliminary investigation. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 30, 271-277.


Conference Presentations (Hamilton student co-authors in red type)

Borton, J. L. S. (January 2011). Level and contingency of self-esteem predict thought suppression, rumination, and self-reflection. Poster to be presented at the 12th annual meeting of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, San Antonio, TX.

Borton, J. L. S., Crimmins, A., Ashby, R., & Ruddiman, J. (January 2010). Fragile self-esteem as a predictor of thought suppression. Poster presented at the 11th annual meeting of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Las Vegas, NV.

Borton, J. L. S. (March 2009). Does suppressing the thought of a self-relevant stigma affect interpersonal interaction? Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association, Pittsburgh, PA.

Borton, J. L. S., Crimmins, A., Leon-Atkins, K., & Sadowsky, J. (February 2008). Negative correlates of suppressing and ruminating about a traumatic event. Poster presented at the 9th annual meeting of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Albuquerque, NM.

Borton, J. L. S., Oakes, M., Van Wyk, M. E., & Zink, T. A. (January 2007). Thought suppression and self-esteem.  Poster presented at the 8th annual meeting of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Memphis, TN.

Borton, J. L. S., Reiner, D. R., Coggins, E. M., & Ghimis, G. A. J. (January 2006). Does suppressing the thought of a self-relevant stigma affect interpersonal interaction? Poster presented at the 7th annual meeting of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Palm Springs, CA.

Borton, J. L. S., & Casey, E. C.(January 2004). Suppression of negative self-referent thoughts: A field study. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Austin, TX.

Borton, J. L. S., & Williams, N. P.(February 2002). Does action identification mediate underperformance following stereotype threat? Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Savannah, GA.

Borton, J. L. S., Snyder, M., & Omoto, A. (June 2001). Importance of similarity between clients and volunteers in long-term helping relationships. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychological Society, Toronto.

Borton, J. L. S. , & Dieterich, J. (April 2001). Cognitive and emotional effects of suppressing and reappraising negative self-referent thoughts. Paper to be presented at the annual meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association, Washington, D.C.

Markowitz, L. J., & Borton, J. L. S. (April 2001). Suppression of negative self-referent and neutral thoughts. Poster to be presented at the annual meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association, Washington, D.C.

Borton, J. L. S., & Dieterich, J. (February 2001). Cognitive and emotional effects of suppressing negative self-referent thoughts. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, San Antonio, TX.

Borton, J. L. S. (May 1998). The suppression of negative self-referent thoughts. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association, Chicago, IL.

Silverman (Borton), J. L., & Snyder, M. (May 1996). To ask or not to ask: Effect of helpers' perceived motives on help-seeking. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association, Chicago, IL.

Silverman (Borton), J. L., Haney, B., Gonzales, M. H., Borgida, E., & Rudman, L. A. (July 1995). A longitudinal study of noncompliance with with medical regimens: The case of kidney transplantation. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychological Society, New York, NY.

 

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Page last updated 10/15/10


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